Heating systems for homes may be of different types. These are systems having a mechanism to maintain temperatures at a certain level. There can be distributed, or centralized heating systems in any dwelling and they all form a part of the HVAC system. Let us take a look at some of the major home heating systems and how they work.
Forced Air Heating (and Cooling) System
This is the most popularly used heating systems in a home. The air is heated in a furnace and is distributed by registers to the rooms through ductwork. Furnaces use oil, propane, electricity or natural gas to heat air. Air can be humidified, dehumidified and filtered with this system. It is also quite an affordable choice to make. This, however, would require regular maintenance and filtration.
Radiant Heating System
This system directly transfers heat from a hot area to a cold one, and this is done through a process of radiation. The kind of heat generated is very natural, and many people find it very comfortable. In-floor hot water tubing, radiant panels on the ceiling, and pot belly stoves are some of the forms through which radiant heat can be generated. This is a very energy efficient system and heat distribution takes place evenly.
Hydronic (Hot Water Baseboard)
Through radiation and convection generated by the water heated in a boiler, this system provides heating solutions for a home. The baseboard unit heats the air which then rises and gets distributed by convection. The heat is distributed through fin-tube baseboard units that are mounted on the wall. Surface area heat dissipation is increased by the fin tubes, and this makes the system very energy efficient. Some of the major advantages of this system are that it operates without producing much noise, it is energy efficient and keeps a close control on temperature.
Steam Radiant Heating System
These systems were quite popular in the days gone by, and few households use them today. They have upright radiators made of cast iron and come in two types – one-pipe and two-pipe systems. The steam and water travel in the opposite direction, but in the same pipe in a one-pipe system, and in a two-pipe system there are separate pipes for steam flow and water condensate. Distribution is carried out by the steam pipe and radiator units. This system warms water and spaces very quickly.
These are just a few examples. If you have plans of installing a heating system, be sure to follow the tips above and find the home heating systems that suits your needs.
Not all brands of HVAC systems are created equal, and there are definitely some that have a better reputation for value and efficiency than others. When researching the different installers in your area, ask each of them what brand of HVAC systems he carries and why. Make sure to choose an HVAC system provider that has been in business for a long time and is experienced in recommending the right kind of system for your particular climate.